Homemade Natural Remedy and First Aid Kit

*Note from Sarah:  Katie of Wellness Mama is back with another great post!  I use several of these remedies myself and Katie has inspired me to make sure I have a well stocked First Aid Kit!  Thank you Katie!

Homemade Natural Remedy and First Aid Kit

Just as the foods we eat can have tremendous healing or harmful properties, so do medicines, chemicals and herbs that we come into contact with. When I had our first child, I realized that I wanted to find the most gentle, natural and beneficial options for everything that he would come into contact with. From cloth diapering to herbal relief for teething pain, I began my search for the most natural options for our family.

In the end, this led me to replacing many of the traditional remedies and keeping more natural options on hand. The following are remedies and herbs that I keep on hand as part of our natural illness and first aid kit. I am just a mom on a mission, not a doctor, so make sure to consult with a doctor or qualified professional for any medical condition and don’t use these remedies in place of medical care.

Herbs in My First Aid Kit:

Note: Almost all of the below herbs are available here and are good quality. Since they are just loose herbs, they do take preparation in some cases, but buying them here is a less expensive alternative to capsules or pre-made remedies. I personally get most of my herbs this way and make my own tinctures and salves. If you decide to order through Mountain Rose Herbs, just use the search box in the top right hand corner to find the herbs you’d like to order.

Activated Charcoal: For acute use in food poisoning, intestinal illness, vomiting, diarrhea, ingestion of toxins, etc. Also keep the local poison control number on hand in case a child ingests a toxic substance and immediately take a child to the hospital if he/she has swallowed a battery or magnet!

Arnica– Topical creme that can be used for muscle pain or injury, bruises or any type of trauma. We’ve found that it greatly reduced healing time or bruises and sore muscles when used topically right after injury. I also use it on my stomach after delivering a baby. Not for internal use or use on open cuts.

Cayenne Powder– Though this is a good addition to many foods, it is even better to have in a medicine cabinet. I keep a few cayenne capsules in my purse as well. Topically, cayenne powder helps stop bleeding rapidly (yes it burns!). I’ve read cases of it being taken internally during heart attacks to increase blood flow and help clear blockage, though thankfully, I’ve never had to test this one. It is also a useful remedy to take internally during illness as it increases blood flow and speeds recovery. (Obviously, consult your doctor as well, especially if you think you are having a heart attack!)

Chamomile– I buy in bulk from Mountain Rose Herbs (store in the freezer). I use it to make a relaxing tincture that helps calm kids if they are ill or just have trouble sleeping. The tincture also works wonders on teething gums. The dried flowers can also be made into a poultice with some gauze and placed on an eye for 15 minutes every hour to reverse pinkeye rapidly (usually works in a couple of hours). Brewed as a tea, chamomile is a relaxing drink at night and the tea can be cooled and rubbed on the stomach of colicky infants to help sooth them. I sometimes add some brewed chamomile tea to the kid’s bath as it is great for the skin and promotes relaxation. I keep the tincture in my purse at all times.

Comfrey-An external herb that promotes healing from injuries and broken bones. A poultice made with plantain and comfrey that is placed on a wound can greatly reduce the healing time and help prevent and reverse infection. I make a homemade “neosporin” with this and other herbs and use it on bug bites, cuts, bruises and poison ivy. It is available here and it is best to keep the dried herb on hand for poultices and homemade salves.

Eucalyptus Herb and Essential Oil– I keep on hand for respiratory type problems. We use eucalyptus herb in a face steam for congestion or sinus troubles and I make a mild (and petroleum free) version of Vapo-Rub for coughing and respiratory illness. The essential oil can be diluted with coconut oil or olive oil and be applied externally to the feet and chest to help open nasal passageways.

Ginger Capsules– Ginger is great for nausea, reflux, stomach trouble and morning sickness. I also keep some in the car for motion sickness. It helps sooth the stomach after a digestive illness or food poisoning.

Echinacea– I keep a homemade echinacea tincture on hand for severe illnesses. I don’t use it as a first resort, but it is helpful in prolonged illnesses.

Peppermint Herb and Essential Oil- Another great digestive herb. For upset stomach or digestive illness, the herb is made into a tea. The tincture can be used internally or externally for headache or digestive troubles and when combined with a few other digestive herbs, it makes a highly effective digestive aid and nausea remedy. The essential oil applied behind the ears and on the feet helps alleviate headache or nausea and a weak tea made from the herb and rubbed on the skin can help sooth a colicky baby. We also use the essential oil in our homemade toothpaste. The herb and oil are both available here.

broad leafed plantain 150x150 My Natural First Aid and Illness KitPlantain-Good to have the loose herb on hand. It actually grows in most places in the summer and looks like the picture above. You’ve probably pulled it as a weed without knowing it.  It is a natural remedy for poison ivy, cuts, scrapes and bites. In a pinch, I’ve picked some from the ground, chewed and put it on a bee sting… it immediately relieved the pain. I keep the dried herb on hand at all times to make into a poultice for bites, stings, cuts and infection. My most recent use was on a confirmed brown recluse bite and a combination of plantain and comfrey in a poultice kept the bite from eating away the tissue and helped it heal completely.

Slippery Elm-Helpful for sore or irritated throat or when you lose your voice. These lozenges taste great and are helpful for kids with sore throats. The herb itself can be used in tinctures or teas for sore throat relief.

Other Remedies:

Apple Cider Vinegar– I keep a bottle of organic Apple Cider Vinegar with “the mother” on hand for digestive troubles, indigestion, food poisoning and more. Taken in a dose of 1 teaspoon per 8 ounces of water every hour, it helps shorten the duration of any type of illness, though it is tough to get kids to take it willingly.

Vitamin C– Helpful for all illnesses, but especially flu-related illnesses. I keep the powder on hand because it is additive free and can be mixed into food or drinks to get the kids to consume it.

Aloe Vera Plant-We have one growing in the house for burns and blisters.

Epsom Salt-Good as a bath soak for sore muscles. Dissolved in water, it can also be a good soak to help remove splinters.

Hydrogen Peroxide-I keep several bottles on hands at all times. Besides using in my homemade OxyClean and for cleaning out wounds, it can help prevent ear infection and shorten duration of respiratory illness. At the first sign of ear infection or illness a dropperful of Hydrogen Peroxide can be put in the ear. The person then leaves the peroxide in for 15 minutes or until it stops bubbling and repeats on the other side.

Homemade Neosporin (recipe here)-  I make my own “Neosporin” Healing Salve (no petroleum needed). I keep it in small tins and in lip chap containers for on-the-go size. This “boo-boo lotion” as my kids call it, is used on cuts, bruises, rashes and anything else antibiotic ointment could be used on.

Witch Hazel- I keep a gallon on hand for use on cuts, scrapes, and in cosmetic uses. It makes a great skin toner and is good for postpartum bottom.

Gelatin– I take gelatin regularly for its health benefits, but I also keep it on hand for first aid and illness. The natural gelatin in homemade chicken soup (from the bones and tissue) is one of the things that makes it so nourishing during illness. During any type of illness, the afflicted gets gelatin in various ways: in food, homemade jello, smoothies, in hot tea, etc. After surgeries or when there are especially bad cuts that might scar, I also give gelatin to speed skin healing. There is evidence that it is also effective in improving blood clotting when used externally on a wound, though I have not tested this. Since it is taken from animal tissue, just make sure that your gelatin is from an organic source, just as you would with meat. (I verified with the company that Great Lakes brand is from a grass-fed source)

Baking Soda-Also a good remedy to keep on hand. For severe heartburn or urinary track infections, 1/4 tsp can be taken internally to help alleviate quickly. It can also be made into a poultice and used on spider bites.

Probiotics-These are the strongest probiotics I’ve found and we use them during any illness and after the illness to repair gut bacteria. I’ve seen clients improve skin conditions with regular use of probiotics, and I especially recommend them to pregnant mothers, as newborn babies receive their gut bacteria from their mother and this can make a tremendous difference in if baby will get ear infections or illness in the first months. For children who get constant illness and ear infections, probiotics can also really help.

Coconut Oil– I’ve said it before, but I am to coconut oil as the dad in My Big Fat Greek Wedding is to Windex. From skin salve, to diaper creme, to makeup remover, to antifungal treatment, I use coconut oil for everything. I keep some in the first aid kit to add remedies to to take internally, to use to apply tinctures and help absorption externally and for dry skin and chapped lips. There is also growing evidence that daily consumption of 1/4 cup or more of coconut oil can help protect against Alzheimer’s and nourish the thyroid.

Other Supplies I keep in the First Aid Kit:

Butterfly Bandages


Superglue– On minor to moderate skin cuts (not puncture wounds) use superglue and butterfly bandages. I’ve used this instead of stitches several times and it healed faster and left less scarring than the places I’ve had stitches. Especially good for face and other visible areas that scar easily or in hair where other bandages can be difficult to apply. I’ve also use on fingertips or knuckles (I’m infamous for grating knuckles while cooking) or other places where band aids won’t stay well.

Other items to have in your first aid kit:

Strips of sterilized muslin cloth in plastic bags for wrapping wounds.

Cut off wool sleeves from old sweaters to cover bandages and hold ice packs

Hot water bottle

Bulb syringe

Assorted bandages and gauze

Homemade ice pack (just freeze liquid dish soap or rubbing alcohol in a double-bagged- ziplock bag and use as an ice pack.

Ever used a natural remedy for illness or injury? Do you have a natural first aid kit? Share below!


  1. says

    Love this list! I would like to start trying more natural remedies so this will be a good resource to go back to.

    Mostly we’ve been a nothing or Tylenol kind of family. But I did have a homebirth and used some herbs for a sitz bath post-partum. Does that count? :)

    Thanks Katy and Sarah.

  2. says

    Do you give you young kids/babies the probiotics your linked to in the article? I have a 3-year old girl and a boy due in June. We’ve given our daughter kids probiotics since she stopped breast feeding, but can she take a stronger type at her age? How young can you start kids on a stronger probiotic? What does your youngest take? Thanks!

    • says

      I give those to my kids. I just open a capsule and add 1/2 to 1 capsule to food, or just put in the mouth. If you start them slowly, you can start them while still nursing. I’ve seen moms have great results with ribbing the powder from a probiotic capsule inside baby’s mouth with their finger before nursing. Since the first months are the most important for gut bacteria growth, this age is a great time to start. My youngest gets about 1/2 capsule daily (8 months) and my older three get 1 capsule daily.

  3. says

    Katie–what a great (and unique!) article–thanks for sharing.
    I saw that you mentioned plantain for bee stings, which I’ll be sure to note. In addition, my mother’s sworn remedy for them was a mudpack (she would mix water and a little dirt) placed directly over the sting, and let it sit for about 15 minutes before removing. Although I don’t know of any actual research that validates this, I’ll definitely say it worked great for my sister and myself when we were kids :) Have you ever heard of it?
    Thanks for posting.

  4. Sue says

    Hi Sarah and Katie,

    My first aid kit always had in it: Arnica cream and pillules (for when the skin was broken), Teatree oil, Lavender oil, crystallised ginger and Aloe gel (couldn’t always carry a plant with me ;-)) Another great addition is Tiger Balm……for sore muscles and aches and pains.
    Love your site


    • Sarah says

      Yes, lavender oil for me too! Rowan got stung by a wasp on his arm and face this summer at the farm and all we had was lavender oil but it calmed down the stings really fast! That was a scary afternoon….

  5. Kimberly says

    I’ve found turmeric powder to be helpful on small skin problems. An acquaintance who grew up in India told me his mom used it on them when they were kids, but I have no information at this time about pediatric use. However, I really like it myself and it allows me to save antibiotic ointment for bigger things or avoid it altogether. (However, it does stain skin (temporary) and clothes (possibly permanent), so I cover it.)

    • says

      How interesting! I put turmeric in veggie smoothies for all the healthy properties, but never thought about using it on the skin. Makes sense though.

    • Hope says

      I had a nasty spider bite last summer and I used first, some activated charcoal mixed w/ coconut oil (I’m a HUGE fan), then I treated it with turmeric mixed w/ coconut oil. Healed much faster than my hubby’s bite 2 yrs previous.

  6. Jeanne says

    I also use lavender oil for so many things…skin irritations, burns, scrapes, cuts, blisters, sunburn, bug bites, headaches (on temples), and for calming/relaxing aromatherapy. Love it!

  7. Mary Ellen says

    Great article!
    My husband just recently sprained his ankle, and I read that coriander seed was good for inflammation, so I made him a salve out of crushed coriander seed and coconut oil. I don’t know if it helped, but he has had a surprising range of motion within a couple of days. Thank you again for this great post, I will make sure to incorporate these tips into my first aid kit.

    • says

      I’ve read conflicting information on this. Some sources say it is wonderful, others say that aloe loses its beneficial properties within minutes of juicing, so unless you are juicing it yourself, it isn’t effective. I haven’t tried it personally, but depending on the reason you want to take it, there may be some other natural remedies that work better or that would work with the aloe.

  8. Lil Nemo says

    If you have an allergy to cat dander, try QUERCETIN. My wife used it and it worked well. It also worked with her allergy to the powder used for preening by our Congo African Grey Parrot.

  9. Be says

    Thanks so much for this article! I have had a cold this week and am trying to prevent it from spreading to my babies and husband, so I’ve been scouring the internet for natural remedies. This is an awesome list!

    My question is about the slippery elm…I can find it sold as a bark or bark powder and was wondering which you would recommend and also if it is safe to take while pregnant.

    • says

      Either one. The bark can be made into tea or tincture, and the powder can be used for homemade lozenges. It is generally considered safe in pregnancy, especially if you aren’t taking really large doses or taking it for extended periods of time.

  10. Pamela says

    Without sounding silly…what is tincture…I looked up the word but still could not figure out exactly what it is or how you do it.

  11. says

    I am a HUGE supporter of homeopathy. I wasn’t sure about it, until i started using a liscenced homeopath, and i saw MIRACULOUS benefits/healing!
    I love arnica, in gel form but also as a homeopathic remedy (30c is what i like to have on hand) for any injury. I took it after i gave birth to my daughter and the midwives even use it in the water for women who labor/birth in the tub. But, 4 of my all time favorite remedies to have on hand for children are:
    *Chamomilla (30c)- Great for FUSSY, teething, irritable babies who don’t want to be put down and can’t be calmed easily.
    *Belladonna (30c)-great for VERY high fevers.
    *Cold Calm (By Boiron)- I have given this to my whole family when we start with a cold and it really knocks it out!
    *Oscilloccinum (By Boiron)- For flu, and flu like symptoms. When taken at first sign, it really wipes out the flu and eases symptoms big time.

    All of these remedies have aided my family in the past several years. I highly recommend giving them a shot! Thanks for this article, it’s great!!

  12. Be says

    Thanks for the quick reply! :)

    Do you know if slippery elm lozenges would be safe for my 1 and 2 year old? The bottle says 3 and up or contact a doctor.

  13. says

    Just having had our first child, we’ve done some major simplification of life (living in a yurt electricity-free), and have tried to go “all natural” with as many things as we can. But a first-aid kit we hadn’t yet put together. This is an awesome list. I’d add another natural remedy that I learned about a few years ago. Hot water for itching. I know, it sounds strange, but give it a try on poison ivy. Get into the shower, put the water as hot as you can bear without scalding yourself, and direct it on the itchy area. It will itch like mad for about fifteen or twenty seconds (in a wonderful way — you have to feel it to understand), and then the itch will be gone. For six to eight hours. It lets you get a full night’s sleep =)

  14. William says

    My mom would squeeze juice from an onion, heat it, and trickle it in the ear for ear aches. Always seemed to help.

  15. Amanda says

    My fiance is Moroccan and swears by cumin in hot water for a stomach ache, and thyme for a cold. I haven’t tried either yet, but they certainly seem to work for him.

  16. Carolyn says

    Thanks for this list. Great stuff! I use apple cider vinegar for a ton of stuff. I put equal parts (2 T) vinegar and raw organic honey in a coffee cup filled about half way with water. Heat it up and chug for colds. Also, I recently used apple cider vinegar on a Qtip and the same coffee mug remedy to heal a nasty canker sore.

  17. Nan says

    I have been getting pimple like bumps on my neck. They don’t amount to anything but are extremely sore and red. They take forever (months) to go away. I have tried a lot of stuff to no avail. Can you suggest anything. There doesn’t appear to be a head or any pus in them.

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